Social Conditions Society Kuansing

Social Conditions Society Kuansing>>
Life in Indonesia is the implementation of article 29 of the Constitution 45. State guarantees the freedom to implement the teachings of religion and worship in accordance with the teachings of each. Development of the harmony of life are implemented through consensus and harmony of life having a meeting between religious leaders of the people and government.
Splendor of life, among others, are marked with the number of the liturgy, the liturgy of the growing.

In aspects of the culture, the people who lived in the Regency Kuantan Singingi is quite heterogeneous society in which people are umunya wilt Kuantan. Pedantang tribe is among the dominant ethnic Javanese who came to the Regency Kuantan Singingi through the transmigration program. In general, Java tribes inhabit the region are located in rural areas or plantations.
Formal education is a process of education for all levels from elementary school (SD) to universities. Regency Kuantan Singingi have the potential in the field of education. Potential will not produce the optimal output if not managed properly. Number of SD Negeri, Negeri secondary, senior secondary school have increased and that is good, which means that the higher public awareness of the importance of school (Wajib Belajar 9 years). The number of junior secondary and senior secondary school has a lot of improvement as well as the number of students.
Basically the development in the health sector aims to provide health services as simple, equitable and affordable. One of them is to provide health facilities, especially health, Puskesmas and Puskesmas around because they are able to reach all sections of the community to remote areas.

Who are the Kuantan Shoreline

At the time of discussion and debate cabby friends with students at the Art Students Kuansing spur line of Yogyakarta, as a rather senior person (not a senior beneran soalnya many more super senior) I always asked by friends with the students the questions that are difficult I answered, and I often terpojok ... but I am happy with the cultural "maota" (discussion), here seen from the critical nature of their current reality, they keingintauan high ... hopefully they will be the generation reformer ... Student life! !.

Although busy with my affairs S.2 lecture me, but once in a week I take time for friends to discuss the student Kuansing ( "maota"). On a night I "maota" again with them, there is a rumor always tease my brain "bang ... we Kuansing this person, does not seem to have a cultural identity, we actually do this from the bang? If our language is similar to the Minang language, but we do not want in the Minang people, if we said the Malay language in terms of ... we are very much different with them. Arts obvious character Minang culture, art and culture is clearly Malay character ... then we kok gray? What we do not have a culture of its own character, I spontaneously answered "Kuantan our people" is not Malay Minang not.

At present there is no accurate information about the origin of people who live along the Kuantan River, there is also the term that people Kuantan "Barajo ka Indragiri, Ba ka Minangkabau adat." This term is only because I think that there are cultural phenomena, such as language, customs, arts and culture. But here I want to convey that the traditional Minangkabau tombo that heredity is told from mouth to mouth is not received by the sense me. In the tombo Minangkabau adat, as if that was the person who first set foot on the island ameh (Sumatra) is Maharajo dirajo (Sang Sapurba / Dapunta Hyang) kononnya who sailed on the boiler sabuah nan and anchored at the top of the peak langgapuri that he said at that time Mount Merapi is having a speech impediment and the mountain duck Singgalang of chickens having a speech impediment. From the top of the mountain merapilah fathers Minangkabau down and then spread to the Kuantan area. For more details, I write the following custom tombo (in the form of Minang classical literature):

Baked-in security gatok
dikirai-long strip dibaka
Tatangguak fish gulamo
spelled out in the atok -
dikirai-long strip dipapa
dikambang the legend LAMO

Takalo maso dahulunyo
samusim maso saisuak
katiko langik basentak down
earth basentak naiak
lauik sacampak jalo
land darek balun lai leba
nan timbua gunuang Merapi

Alley in niniak fathers kito
usua despair when examined
in the legend LAMO
sapiah balahan tigo row
Sajurai ka banda cino
sajurai ka banda ruhum
sajurai ka island ameh nangko

Parties in the Sutan Marajo in Rajo
taniaik in the heart
tacinto in-Kiro Kiro
balayia inyo dimaso that
in the boiler ateh nan sabuah
cukuik jo clever cati says

LAMO boiler deck balayia mak
the lauik baharullah
takijok-fire appeared kijok
gunuang that suaso maso
diateh peak langgapuri
banamo gunuang marapi

Sinan sirangkak nan badangkang
sarato buayo putiah daguak
dibatu ampa putiah
in bukik ampa patigo
banamo bukik siguntang-guntang

Dimano titiak palito
dibaliak telong nan batali
dimano down niniak kito
iyo at the peak of Merapi gunuang
(grandmother moyangnya so dear leader marijan times ...)

Ka Basentak down under
la tibo diguguak ampang
sinan lagundi nan baselo
sinan island bataratak
sabalun bakorong with kampuang
sabalun bakoto jo nagari

Maso badeta-deta upiah
maso bacawan panarahan

LAMO deck natural baputa
urang batambah kambang juo
kamanakan manjadi many
jo dibuek rice fields
dibuek be customary law
ciek-structured handles ciek
dipaku katiang long
food urang tigo luhak

Manolah luhak nan tigo
nan tuo luhak Tanah Datar
nan tangah luhak Agam
nan youngest luhak Five Puluah
karantau jo pasisia ago
surampi natural river pagu

Manuruik barih balabeh customary
nan salilik Mount Merapi
saedaran gunuang Pasaman
sajajaran sago Singgalang jo
saputaran fuller karinci jo

From sirangkak nan badangkang
hinggo buayo putiah daguak
until kapintu Rajo hilia
durian ditakuak Rajo
Sipiak knife anyuik
beehive balantak casserole
hinggo AIA babaliak mudiak
waves up to ka nan badabuah
Sailiran stem sikilang
hinggo lauik nan sadidi
rao jo mapatungga sarato gunuang mahalintang

Pasisia banda sapuluah
AIA hinggo taratak black
to ka tanjuang simalidu
Nine pucuak jambi groove

Well apart from the beautiful words of classic literature, we need to dig up the truth that brought the news. Before I continue I want to write custom wither following maxim:
Let mudiki history to upstream
where tersekat perceptivity elakkan
heirdom grandmother who had a first -
same dibuhul, tied together
sebaris not forget that
setitik no missing
the diarah, be the
firm grip night and day

Now we review the meaning of these tombo Minangkabau adat. Tombo also mean the story, the story in the tradition is clearly stated that:
(1). the ancestor of the Minangkabau Maharajo dirajo which is anchored on the Mount Merapi Langgapuri Peak (with the presumption that the island of Sumatra still tertutupi sea) that appear dipermukaan Cuma areas is high. (2) Mobility of the population started from Mount Merapi and then continue down the low kedaerah follow susutnya sea water (earth basentak naiak, langik basentak down) and continue to develop and then divided into three luhak (region) Tanah Datar, Agam, and Lima Puluh. Then to the coast (area Kuantan, Kampar, Jambi) and Pasisia banda sapuluah (now Coastal South).

In my opinion the first points on the news (1) above is the news that a Ngada and tales of the first and perhaps he said at the time berlabuhnya Sutan Marajo dirajo when it floods in the era of Prophet Noah as Does not make sense, because the Prophet Noah only make one boat (ship). If we review the terms of the science of astronomy and geology, that was when Jagad highway because the explosion was tremendous. Initially, the temperature of things including the earth, the sky is very hot, and then freeze the water and the sea recede because most of the water frozen in the poles. And I think that the man (Adam and Eve) is still in heaven or not created. So in short the first points on the news can not be accepted scientifically.

News that the two points I think that is the kingdom of Minangkabau ekspansinya and to the surroundings (including Kuantan, Jambi, and Kampar). Nah! Now it appears a question "the ancestors of the Minangkabau down the mountain Merapi clearly not reasonable, in fact they where?". Before I express my hypothetical explanation, I will cite Buya Hamka passed in the seminar noted in the History of Riau in Riau prakarsai by the University on 20 to 25 May 1975.

Sumatra in the history of the middle period, and some kingdoms, including the Pre Sriwijaya, Sriwijaya, Darmawangsa, Pagarruyung, Temasik, Riau, Lingga, Kandis and Kuantan, Indragiri, Siak Sri Indrapura, and some of the other kingdoms (Hamka passed, 1975) . Not easy for us to know the truth need to historical evidence is strong that whether in the form of inscription, temples, and so forth. Buya Hamka passed in the seminar is only the history of Islam in Central Sumatra and does not criticize in depth about the history of the pre Sriwijaya period, Sriwijaya, Kandis and Kuantan.

According Buya Hamka passed (1975) reviews the history of the Riau seyogyanyalah we insafi that the nation is proof Riau Malay, Riau Malay who bred, or called the Melayu Asli, difficult to find words such as Malay proverb "look for lice in ijuk". Perhaps the native Malay only tinggalsuku-backward tribes who still live in the forest, as Talang mamak and Kubu people. The person named Riau Malay, in the era of greatness Imperium Malay, since Pasai era, the era of Malacca, until the time of Riau including Johor, Malay is not named because of the authenticity of the blood, but has long lived under the patronage of kings pennon Malay.

Even the king itupun many are not native Malay, but Malay dirajakan by. Riau Malay come from tribes throughout the archipelago and the Malay peninsula a strong brave, like a rogue looking for livelihood. They come from Malacca, Johor, from all Semeanjung, Bugis, Bawean island, Minangkabau, Banjar, and the Sulu Islands (now Philippines). From here it is clear that Malay is a person who came and also because it mentioned that the Malays have also come from the Minangkabau. But the questions I "which comes from the Minangkabau people?". Has not been missed.

Now we review the opinion of others about the history of Malay wither site online ( There is mentioned that the Malay history includes a wide range of dimensions, with the long range. If the kingdom of Kutai considered as the oldest kingdom in the Malay culture, the initial phase is about Malay history to centuries-4 or 5 M. Trace-jekanya can be tracked through the historical, both barupa manuscript, inscription, oral history and artefacts. In the site mentioned that the Malay history is divided into three categories: the history of the kingdom, manuscript history, heritage and history, such as temples, mosques, palaces and tombs.
Then our knowledge of the history of the kingdom in the area of Kuantan. There are two kingdoms, namely the kingdom of the Kingdom of Kandis and Kuantan.

Kandis Kingdom
Not known exactly, when the kingdom Kandis. That, there is the kingdom and the kingdom of the ancient existence precede Kuantan. Country Kertagama in the book, there are the names of areas in Sumatra, including in the kingdom of Majapahit. Kandis is one area that disebut.Ibukota Kandis kingdom is estimated to be in the village Sangau (Kuantan District Mudik) which is now called the Temple. According to the online site Malay temple as proof of the existence of the kingdom during the first Kandis. Place can still be found in ruins of buildings and ancient bricks. Suspected, is the brick ruins of temples of worship. Wither online opinion according to me is not the right temple which is referred to the dock or the port of the Kingdom of Kandis, Kandis Kingdom and the center itself is located in the area of Bukit Bertabuh, who still have not found the location.

Kandis is a kingdom that stands alone, because the area is fertile and spices, like pepper. Not much that can be known about this kingdom Kandis, especially after defeated by Jambi and not known exactly when the attack occurred. Attacks from Bali that is estimated to overthrow the kingdom Kandis. Kandis but does not vanish simply because the kingdom of Kuantan and then show them (wither online).

Kingdom of Kuantan
According to the online story of the Malay kingdom of Kuantan can dirunut travels from the Sapurba. In the journey to bring back Malay nation, the fleet Sapurba diba in Bintan. Here, he wed her son, Sang Nila Utama with putrid kingdom Bintan. Next, the Sapurba return trip kea rah proceed southwest to explore the new area, where the Malay nation. Finally, the fleet arrived in the estuary Sapurba major rivers, the Indragiri River. The entourage Sapurba continue to sail upstream to the river, until a while, rombongannya running out of water, while river water is still salty. Then the Sapurba ordered followers to make a circle large rattan seukuran shield. After the cane is so, the Sapurba put it above the surface of the salty river water, then immerse the feet into the circle rattan. Suddenly, the river water that was changed to fresh salty. Perhaps, the events occurred didaerah Sapat, Indragiri Hilir. The entourage Sapurba take secukupnya water supplies, and then continue with the voyage back menghulu Kuantan River. Finally, they arrived in the kingdom of Kuantan in central Sintuo (village Sangau Now). At that time the kingdom has not Kuantan King. Therefore the arrival Sapurba greeted by happy people Kuantan, both the Council, community leaders, and the proletariat. Then they lift the Sapurba become king, with the requirements, the Sapurba are willing to kill the Naga Sakti Muna who have damage to farm property rakyat.Sang Sapurba then ordered hulubalangnya, Pemasku haunter to kill the dragon with the start sundang (modern swords) of the Sapurba. Commander Permasku haunter successfully kill the dragon, so the Sapurba was a king with a degree in Kuantan "Trinity Tri Buana." With this event, Kuantan has a king again and continue the legacy (quoted from wither online).

Kandis Kingdom according to the information is located in Lubuk Jambi (Kuantan District Mudik), while the Kingdom is based in Kuantan Koto tuo across Teluk Kuantan. Now we return to the question "who Kuantan original / genuine coming from where?". Based on the story above the Kuantan is not derived from native Malay and Minangkabau. Kandis actual existence of the Kingdom at this time until the offspring inherit the legacy-there is still residual Kandis. This fact can be expressed and will be published if you want to know the truth by even Sumatra Riau in general there must be honesty and commitment from the parties related to honestly reveal about the actual Kandis.
Answers questions as brother-sister Singingi Kuantan Students who have in Yogyakarta, that our people are not coming from Kuantan Minangkabau, and not derived from the Malay. According to the actual history of Kandis, is that "Kandis is the oldest kingdom in Sumatra" according to a story from generation to generation among the descendants of the kingdom Kandis Kandis that it has been since the century to 2 BC, long before the kingdom of Kutai, Pagarruyung and other kingdoms. Term in the tombo customary Minagkabau "Mount Merapi of duck eggs, and mountain Singgalang of chicken eggs" in the top of the hill at the highest didaerah Hill Bertabuh not far from the center of the Kingdom of Kandis. So before all the best (not just the story), it is necessary to conduct the research field of Archeology or archeology objects. Hypothetical is that our forefathers it (the Kuantan) the actual start of civilization on the island of Sumatra (which has often changed its name: the island-percha, Swarna Dwipa Island, Gold Island, Island of Andalas, and now the island of Sumatra). Hopefully, this answer can give a picture that we have a culture of its own character.
Hopefully the truth will be established with scientific facts. For the brothers who deepens Sciences Archeology I think a golden opportunity to prove our country's past.
Yogyakarta, 22 August 2008

Search for Idnetitas Affairs
Author: Pebri Mahmud Al-Hamidi)
) * Post Graduate Student University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Lubuk Jambi

Pacu Jalur,Kuantan Singingi Culture

History and Development
Kuantan Singingi is an administrative area which is included in the Riau Province. Region has many rivers. Geographical conditions that, in turn, make the majority of people need transportation as a means jalur1 Then, path-lines appear which are beautifully carved, carvings such as the head of snake, crocodile, or tiger, both in the stomach and selembayung it. In addition, with more equipment parachute, rigging, shawl, the middle pole (gulang-gulang) and lambai-lambai (the helmsman standing). These changes mark the function as well as a path not just for the sake of transport equipment, but also shows social identity. For, the only ruler, noble, and progenitor-progenitor pathways that make up the drive. Development of the next (approximately 100 years later), the function not only as a means of transportation and a symbol of social status, but diadu speed through a race. And, by the people that race stempat referred to as a "spur jajur".

Initially held in spur line villages along the Kuantan River to commemorate the day of Islam, as Prophet Muhammad SAW Maulid, Idul Fitri, or New Year 1 Muharram. When each race is not always followed by the investiture. That is, there are villages that provide gifts and who does not provide any. Competition that does not provide the prize ceremony ended with a meal together. The type of food is a traditional local food, such as: konji, godok, lopek, paniaran, goats, Lida, and fruit doll. Meanwhile, the race berhadiah, it must provide four marewa2 that vary in size. I have great size and a great champion IV have the most small size. However, these gifts are no longer marewa form but the form of livestock (cattle, buffalo, or goat).

When the Dutch began to enter the area Riau (around 1905), precisely in the area that is now Bay City Kuantan, they take advantage of spur lines in celebrating birthdays of Queen Wilhelmina who fell in each of 31 August. As a result, the spur line is no longer celebrated in the feast-day Muslims. Teluk Kuantan population even considers each Anniversary celebration of Queen Wilhelmina of the coming new year. Therefore, until now still have mention of the spur line as a spur tambaru. Activities spur line was stopped in the era of Japan. However, the independence of spur lines back regularly held to commemorate the anniversary of independence of the Republic of Indonesia (17 - Agustusan).

Spur lines only done by the men aged between 15 - 40 years in beregu. Any number of gang members between 40 - 60 people (depending on size of route). Members of a spur line is called the child, consists of: carpenter, carpenters concang (commander, command grantor), carpenters waist (helmsman), carpenters onjai (our rhythm at the helm with a swing-goyangkan body) and the craftsman who dance helping carpenters onjai stress that a balanced path berjungkat-jungkit regular and rhythmic. In addition to players, competition in the spur line and the referee also have jury duty, which oversees the road and set the race winner.

Place Game
Spur lines are usually conducted in Sungai Batang Kuantan. As has been said above, Sungai Batang Kuantan which is located between the District of Hulu Kuantan in the upstream and downstream in the District Cerenti, has been used as a shipping line path since the early 17th century. And, in this river also spur the race route was first done. Meanwhile, the arena of competition spur line to follow the flow of Sungai Batang Kuantan, with the length of the track about 1 km is marked with three piling.

Tools Games
Equipment in the game spur path, of course, the path that is made from the stem wood intact, without be-half, cut-cut-through, or linked. Path length between 25 - 30 meters, with the middle of the room width 11.25 meters. Parts of the line consists of: (1) luan (direction), (2) talingo (front of the ear); (3) panggar (seat); (4) pornik (stomach); (5) Timbo room (where the water draw ); (6) talingo back; (7) kamudi (the driver); (8) lambai-lambai/selembayung (grip tukan onjor); (9) pandaro (seed line), (10) hose (seat pedayung ); (11) selembayung (end of the path carved) and (13) panimbo (air scoop). The path is also equipped with a paddle for each player.

Selembayung edge and the body lines are engraved and given color splendor. Motifnya diverse as: runner-suluran, geometrical, wave, and even a bad aircraft. Each path has a name like: Naga Sakti, Gajah Tunggal, Rawang Shrimp, Kompe windy, Bomber, Pelita, New Order, King Kinantan, swish Nago Liar, Lion Sungai Pinang, Kuantan, rowing in unison, Kerapatan Jati, Panggogar Nature, Tuah in Kampuang Godang in Rantau, Ratu Dewa and others. The objective of the engraving, coloring, and the name on each line is to be able to "be different" from others.

To be able to make a path-race that usually represents the village, district or districts, must go through a long process and involves many people. As a process, making sure the path is done gradually and continuously. The following are the stages that must be done in making a boat by a person called Kuantan Singingi path.

The first thing done is a plan of making path through consensus or rapek village which was attended by various elements such as traditional leaders, scholars, youth and the mother. Meetings are usually led by a village leader or traditional leaders. When agreement has been reached, the next activity is to select the type of wood. The tree is searched banio or kulim kuyiang a length between 25 - 30 meters with a diameter between 1 ½ - 2 meters. Both types of trees in addition to a strong, waterproof, have also held "penunggunya". After a tree that meets the requirements specified, the logging is done. However, before such a ceremony is held to the "watchman" tree that the tree was not lost on unseen.

Wood that has been disemah by diviner, next ditebang with ax and mattock. After that, the timber diabung (cut) edges according to a certain size in accordance with the long path that will be made. After diabung both ends, and then peeled the skin of wood and carved in the direction, ear, and stomach. If the path is established, then the next step is to flatten the front (pendadan), ie, the top of the wood stretching from the base to the tip. Then followed the phase mencaruk or punch and finish the wood with a thickness in particular. Next menggaliak to reverse or invert and return path to be formed and mashed. This work requires a careful calculation of the thickness must always maintain the path to be able to balance while in the water. Mengukurnya among other ways by making holes or hold the drill and then closed again with a kind of pivot. Once established, the path and then reversed again and the process continued with the last course and make the rudder. If the direction and the rudder has been established, then the path will be taken to the village to be smoked and accompanied by the ritual maelo path. Before the route was launched to the river, there is a ritual that is aimed so that more channels can sail with the good when it is in the water.

Game Rules
Spur line can be divided into several levels, namely: (1) spur antarbanjar or village, (2) spur antardesa or villages, and (3) spur antarkecamatan in the region Sengingi Kuantan. Rules in the third race spur levels are quite easy path, the path the team can reach the finish first team from another, expressed as the winner. Pertandingan spur route is usually done with two systems, namely: the system of competition and autumn to determine the winner of the first to fourth and ten large.

Path Games
The race, both antardusun, antardesa, and antarkecamatan, beginning with a cannon blast. Gun is used because when the whistle will not be heard by the race, considering the extent of the arena and spur many spectators who witnessed the race. In the boom first-line path that was specified in the order will fall in line with the start of each squad member has been in the path. In the second crack, they will be in the ready position (guard) for the rowing scull. And, after the cannon blast referee for the time when, every team will paddle through the race track that has been determined. As a note, the size and capacity of lines and the number of children pacunya (participants) in this race not be, because that determines victory lane a lot more from the magical power of the wood is used as power lines and the diviner kesaktian in "control" path.

In the match lines, killed when implementing the system, then the losers must not be played back consecutively. Meanwhile, the winners will diadu get back to the main winner. However, when the system uses half the competition, each team will play several times and eventually the team to always win the race will be the last juaranya.

Cultural values
Cultural value of the spur line is: hard work, quickness, stamina, cooperation and sportivitas. The value of hard work reflected the spirit of the players who try to track that path can precede another shift. Quickness and tenacity values are reflected from the techniques that made by members of a gang in order to run the lines go quickly and not be lost. Cooperation is reflected in the value of team members who strive together to be able to control the line go faster and win the race. Value sportivitas reflected not only the attitude of the players who does not skew during the game, but also would like to receive defeat with spacious chest. (gufron)

Coordinating Team Press Dierktorat General Culture. 1988. Aneka Ragam Budaya Nusantara Hkasanah I. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

1 is a path that boat in the early 17th century used as the main means of transportation in the village of Rantau Kuantan is located along the Sungai Batang Kuantan (Hulu District of Kuantan in the upstream and downstream in the District Cerenti). When the land transportation have not developed, so that the path is a means of transport it is important for villagers, especially to carry produce, such as bananas and sugar cane. In addition, to also carry men (40).

2 Marewa cloth flag is colorful in the triangle and the edge direnda.

Pangean Martial Arts

Be calculated from Singingi Regency Kuantan, Riau Province, is an area called Pangean. Of origin where known muasal silek pangean to the corner of the country.

In history, the book Kulik Japan (legend) Pangean land, this land of civilization began from a hill in the Pangean called Bukit Koto now Sangkar Puyuh Highest Pangean. The name is taken from the hill that is shaped like Sangkar quail.
Initially, Hill Sangkar Puyuh be surrounded stem manau (a kind of a big cane) grow in the base of the stalk of mushroom. Manau this circle according to the clockwise direction in the mid-foot mountain and ends at the base of the beginning of the growth. By local residents, the fungus that grows on the base manau this fungus called upeh. Because it contains a toxic death, by the fungus upeh destroyed.

As over time, by the local people used to grow this fungus as the location of the mosque. This is the first mosque in the Pangean estimated standing on the 17th century. Bukit Sangkar government originally held by Datuk Puyuh Width dado, a rib and Datuk Datuk Bandaro White. According to one resident, this is the progenitor three fathers Pangean people. "Datuk dado width is very strong and authoritative. He was able to squeeze into liquid iron, "said resident expertise is mengambarkan Datuk dado width. "In addition, evidence is successful ketangguhannya kill a known insurgent ghost Pak Buru. Acts of the grave is this ghost Pak Buru measuring four meters which is located about one hundred meters west Koto Pangean.

In the hands of the leadership of the three progenitor Pangean Village is growing. Moreover, when the country Pangean also diramaikan neighboring country by immigrants, such as land Toar (now Mount Toar District) which is located on the upstream of the country, and also of Minangkabau migrants who flee to this region. "At that time the kingdom Pagaruyung attacked by the Majapahit kingdom Adityawarman throne," said residents. Combination of some migrants is then alleged to establish some tribes in the Pangean far.

Pangean Soil persilatannya with the famous, the name that is not foreign to the pesilat in Kuantan. Silat is inherited from generation to generation by the teacher of Silat Pangean known by the name Induak Barompek. "If then the name sounded foreign silat Pangean for common people can dimaklumi. Because silat Pangean more authenticity in order to cover themselves awake, "said one of his teachers who are reluctant to Pangean silat called his name.

Because that is closed, there is now a lot of confusion about the story of origin of Silat Pangean. It's said that silat originating from Lintau, West Sumatra. But this story be debated by one of the Induak Barompek. He also explains the origin and birth muasal silat Pangean.

The story begins when one of the country's population Rantau Kuantan Bagindo Rajo the title went to Datuk Betabuh act in Lintau, West Sumatra. Kepergiannya aims to study the Islamic religion and the arts silat as to defend religious. At the time kepergiannya to Lintau of that, his wife Bagindo Rajo, Gadi Ome, who still live in the Pangean dream in sleep. In dreams, spirits were Gadi Ome sheik Maulana Ali who came from the holy land of Mecca.

In addition to meeting sheikh Ali, Gadi Ome also met his wife sheik named Ali Halimatusakdiah. From Halimatusakdiah, Gadi Ome science learning silat. "So Bagindo Rajo and Gadi Ome is the teacher who first teaches silat Pangean. Therefore the Pangean silat there are two different nature. The one rough, hard and one soft, bland but death, "said one Induak Barompek, this successor silat.

According to this teacher Pangean silat, silat Pangean streams originating from the rough Bagindo Rajo, while the software comes from Gadi Ome. "Silat Pangean not come from Lintau. Because science silat earned Bagindo Rajo Lintau in far less than that obtained by his wife. So the husband learned of his wife. With the first students Gadi ome is Bagindo Rajo, "said the teacher.

Along the way, the pair husband and wife began lowering their expertise silat. Initially, silat is only taught in the family. Gadi Ome down according to ethnic silat knowledge of him (matrilineal). While Bagindo Rajo knowledge to decrease the nephew of the seed of the mother.
Datuk Untuik is the first person to be students Bagindo Rajo. Datuk Untuik was a student because Bagindo Rajo has a moral duty to his father, Tan fierce. Kala Bagindo Rajo demand knowledge to Lintau, Tan who is a ferocious guard Gadi Ome at home. From Datuk Untuik, science Silat Pendekar again revealed to the master, Maliputi, Pak Ngacak, and Menti Kejan. After that, the Penghulu Sati, and Datuk crookback Lubuk Jambi's act of coming.

The four students first and then Datuk Untuik this was a Induak Barompek. Highest degree used in persilatan this until now. They are groups of teachers on duty to maintain the purity and lower Pangean science silat. "Until now Induak barompek has changed many people, but still use the name Induak Barompek," said one Induak Barompek.

ON first, silat Pangean only taught to the children and niece. Because of this silat is closed and is taught by stealth. Until then the more people who want to learn silat Pangean. At the time, Penghulu Tribal Caromin, Pakomo the title Datuk Datuk Penghulu Sati, ask the teacher silat silat that science is taught to all the children in the country Pangean niece.

"Terms of the agreement and based on consensus. With the rules is not all science silat taught to students. Sapicik a (small, red) belonging to the teacher remained on the teacher, and a handful are given and taught to many people, "she explains the rules made penghulu country.

In achieving development goals silat and culture in order to preserve the community Pangean, penghulu customary to open the page in addition to silat Mesjid Koto High. Here, a customs office was established. In addition, in order of equity skills silat, silat teachers Pangean to consent to the silat dibukanya in each row. In its application, Pangean silat consists of games and pergelutan. Silat dance welcome welcome attacks often played in this page. This is different in teaching silat to the top-level students who performed at home.

In the movement, known as the Pangean silat movement soft and supple. However any movement save the effect is death. Because not all people are free to learn. To learn silat Pangean have knowledge of the requirements must be met before the student. Terms of the form of broken-hearted, the blind, the dead and the debtor.

"The meaning is to be broken heart that is not good. Butakan thought to kejahiliyahan. Careful not to turn off a malignancy. Ax prohibited and run good. And each of these requirements in accordance with the teachings of Islam, "said Muhardi, Pendekar Loma, one of the descendants of silat from his wife Datuk Rajo Bagindo.

Since digulirkannya up to now, the inheritance of the old professorship in silat Pangean still valid. In addition, given that the title was different between the offspring of Bagindo Rajo and Gadi Ome. Datuk Rajo Bagindo descent using the term progenitor, while the descendants of Gadi Ome Pendekar title.

Even the story Pangean silat teacher, a teacher may not yet buried dead time before the appointed person that will replace the position. And even if there ravelment in determining, the re-sorted set of its history. "Err on the end of the road back to the base of the road," said one teacher silat this berpetuah.

Now, over time silat Pangean attention of knowledgeable. Not only in the region Kuantan, but the start is known in Indragiri Riau and other areas. Even the influence of silat Pangean also grown in Malaysia and the United States. "In the United States silat with the name of this present tussle Meetings Footwashing Hand Weapon (Peratekisendo)," said Induak Barompek then.
Source: Silat Pangean

From Simandolak to Francis

From Simandolak to Francis - Simandolak, District Benai, Kuantan Singingi, 15 August 1962 back, a male infant named Aras Mulyadi born, grow and develop under the guidance of their parents. Berlecah disawah, malope ponek bath in Batang Kuantan, kabalo cow in the pasture, and memasarkannya kepasar traditional, this is all a small daily Aras. This is the motivation meumbuhkan eldest child of five brothers is the field of agriculture and fisheries.

Telling stories about the school, since sitting dibangku SD N 1 Simandolak, District Benai, Regency Kuantan Singingi to SMP Negeri IV Koto Benai, also in the district. Benai, Kab. Kuansing he was known as the champion class. This is the achievement of the Aras to stay still when dikampung. Then with the encouragement of families, especially uncle to continue the education school in Pekanbaru, Aras continue education in Pekanbaru SMA N 1.
Entering the university chose Aras Cultivation Department of Fisheries Faculty of Fisheries (Faperika) University of Riau (Unri), Aras Ir achieve a degree in 1986 with the title Skripsi "The influence Posfat and Nitrate on Growth Klekap."
Selecting faculty merupukan fishery, Aras said, thrusting desire infancy. "While I really like small follow father went fishing, would like to know more about the fish that I encourage mamasuki the Faculty of Fisheries," said the son of Arifin Jais said this during a speech at mnyanpaikann and wisudanya he dinobatkan as pemuncak.
After keserjanaan achieve a degree, this father of three manak also start reaching the world works. Encouraged to become teachers to make the former Chairman of the Indonesian Student Board, Montpelier, Francis 1993-1994 propose this as a lecturer Unri. 1989 dream Aras reached. Not only become a civil servant, he was even selected as one of the opportunity to graduate to Francis. "Surely it's outside of logic, a children's village in the far corners of nun there, in rahma provided by Allah SWT mengeyam education hinfgga to Europe," Aras gratitude for what he has achieve.
Aware of the lack of French-speaking. He is also a French language course for six months in Jakarta, "I really need it, because there studying the French language, I must menguasainya bias," a determination when the Aras. The French capital is beginning to resume education in France, Arriving at the French lecturers Unri this example Faperika back deepens French for six months also.
1990 Aras also menapakkan foot du Marseilles II University of France, with the field of biology oseanografi. Education this year he completed in 1991. 1992, re-draw Aras science at the University of the same. This time to get a doctor degree. Didalaminya science that is evolution and ecology. End of the doctor degree in 1995 he officially get. Back to Almamater, Aras is subjugate themselves Faperika in up to 16 years.
Time running. Place on 17 May 2004, after returning to the ground water is the Governor of Riau Aras, H. M. Rusli Zainal, SE mengemban trust as deputy head of Marine Fisheries and Riau Province. Although little work as a bumbling bureaucrat, Aras memaluinya full responsibility, "This is all the grace of God that is syukuri-sanngat me, it was initially quite grogi, maklukmsaya more spicy academic field, eh ... I know .. so bureaucratic," the story Aras also got the best researchers prediket Unri Thun, 1997, 1999 and 2000 this.
Being a teacher ideals that have been planted since that was still small, eventually reached the Aras Mulyadi the current position of Academic Vice Rector (PR I) Unri this, education becomes the development milestones. Therefore, the development of the education it would be a development area. Of course the system is good and the meeting. Similarly, with the son of the daughter in the search area as a superior seeds of future development. "Dipelosok corners of many individuals who are able but not memliki chance and opportunity to draw because of the limitations of science, economy and access, for it never penyerah," peasan Aras.
Saturday, May 31, 2008 and he be as a teacher in the field of Ecology and Utilization of Alga, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (Faperika) Univeritas Riau (Unri). Lengkaplah name to Prof. Dr. Ir. Aras Mulyadi, DEA.

Son Inuman proposer First Patent Unri
When Unri a research-based patents. MT membuktikannya already prominent. Penelitianya legality is being proposed to obtain a patent.

From the results of research training, community service and student creativity potential patents. Conducted by the Directorate General of Higher Education (Dikti) in Pekanbaru (17-19/4) ago. This makes eminent space research, one of the lecturers at the Faculty of Engineering Unri this potential load.

After the initial selection. Fadel including 200 people who make a reasonable proposal. Once through the next stage penyeleksian. He was thirty-six, including the person who passed the selection process. Eliminate lecturers from other universities participating penyeleksian Draff Patent Dikti.

Based on the recommendation Dikti that, then Wednesday (23 / 7) and Padil. MT-register its research. Prominent research ideas inspired when I saw the agricultural industry in Riau, which is always produced waste.

As well as solid waste (bio-mass) palm. According to many terbuang useless as palm trunks, body shell palm, palm pelepah, empty oil palm bunches, palm fiber that has not been used optimally.

He was thinking how to take advantage of the waste is liquid smoke which can be used as a substitute for formalin. "We made a liquid waste before smoke. Liquid smoke is after our manner, can be minimal side effects. And good for health as a substitute for formalin, "said a graduate of the University as a lecturer at Gajah Mada (UGM) is.

In addition to good food preservative. Results penelitianya this can be used as a preservative for the non-food industries such as rubber.

According to him, liquid smoke (liquid smoke, red) is in such a way dioleh of solid waste. Through the process pirolisis and absorbsi that produces fluid.

"Waste Management was the source of compound-compound of the important results pirolisis constituents such as wood cellulose, hemiselulosa, and lignin," he said. "Zat is a substance used as a preservative," said the son Inuman birth, this Kuansing.

Proposed application of its patent number P00200800485 at the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Dephum and human rights) is still waiting lajutan process. Now, research results have entered the stage waiting for eighteen months.

After that, the publication will be entering a period of six months and the substantive examination for 36 months. Furthermore, the results of this research can be taken a decision on the next test.

Disitulah pro-kerchief this official obtain a patent. "Hopefully the pitch can-existent," he said.
Source: Dari Simandolak ke Francis

Randai Regency Kuantan Singingi

Piual-stringed violin, hentakan Gondang cuff and puff lapri (flute), accompanied merupsakan dance steps apart from the typical Randai Kuantan. One of the traditional form of art Regency Kuantan Singingi. Randai Kuantan is a communicative art, was born and developed in the middle of the community Kuantan. Randai Kuantan carries a cedrita that had already been prepared in such a way with dialogue and dialect Malay pantun Kuantan, along with Malay songs Kuantan as paningkah round-round story.

Indeed, a kesenia show the people that make us want to participate in any tottery view, even mengelitik heart. Not frustrated derisive laughter will come out with immediately. Stories that were usually already inherent in the heart Rantau Kuantan, so randai is so familiar in the midst of the community.
Not exactly in the know, when randai start in this region. But when the future of history, then this randai have been since the days of Dutch colonial past. Randai in pergerlarkan party in the event of marriage, circumcision, the prayer, banquet events and other villages in yagn it is necessary to show Randai.
Biasnya held on the night, take 2 to 4 hours. Disinilah compatriot people get entertainment and can meet with colleagues from other villages.
A successful performance is not irrespective of the role of the players, musicians and penontonnya. To sebuayh ceriata who will be training normally takes about one month or more. Indeed, not every time latihannya days, rutinnya only on Sunday night.
But when the show will then latihannya time will be added in accordance with the agreement. With the number of members 15 to 30 people for one randai team, consisting of dancers, musicians, and leaders in the story. Figure depends on the number of stories that were. Usually the number of musicians still. One Piual, 2-3 drum, a blower lapri.
Randai have the unique power of attraction with kesenia other people who live in Rantau Kuantan. Are, the figures in perankan women by men dressed in women, and hint-hint of the officials in the form of a poem.
Figure diperankan women with men is to maintain the customs and norms Religion. Because the exercise on the night of the show and also at night, so if there is a virgin appear that this is a taboo for the community. In addition to also maintain that the things you do not want does not happen.
While staging the Children Randai formed a circle and danced while beset circle, so players into tidask impressive and looks neat. Watching Randai Kuantan terbuai and we will feel the atmosphere of rural life. Play, rubber plantations, jest, cheer sorai and talking, of course with the tongue plate Melayu Kuantan. So that immigrants who return to the village Rantau Kuantan melawatkan never show this.
To see the performance Randai Kuantan is not a difficult thing, because Randai Kuantan to this day many still found in Rantau Kuantan, even at this time almost every village has randai group.
Randai also a group director who has set the way the story of an randai. Director peramu or story must have a broad perspective, especially in the development of dialogue and verse. Not only that, he must also be a little more understanding about the equipment used music equipment. Sutrada is the respondent to show the best. So that the audience does not feel bored with the story flow.
The role of the government to melastarikan Kuantan this traditional art there. Terbukti diperlombakannya with this art on every Festival spur line in the Gulf of Kuantan. They can test is the ability of groups to be the best. in addition to the Cultural Festival wilt (FBM) in 1997 in Pekanbaru, randai contingent also included represent-before Inderagiri Hulu Kuantan Singngi into bloom.
Rantau Kuantan community often holds hajatan by inviting a group Randai. thus they do not feel surfeited with the training course, they will also be input mandapat tired form of money as thanks. pPran community setempatlah the actual most dominant. Randai Kuantan still so attached dihati community.
Highest Bukik si la Stone Rijal
Tompek Batanam The blade-blade
Abang Poi Adiak Kan Kan Living
Bajawek first Solam kito
That is one verse in the Sala Randai Kuantan who tells about Fatimah Ali Baba and Kayo. Narrate the story of this journey of life a couple who live in Kampung Teluk Kuantan quantity of blood.
Currently Randai Kuantan still exist, even have been down to foreign countries, and pungawai by Fakhri Semekot and his friends.

Regency Kuantan Singingi

General Information

Regency Kuantan Singingi in the Southern Riau Province, on 00 North - 10 South latitude and 10102 '- 101055' East Longitude. This district is in the area of 7656.03 km2 with boundaries as follows:

1. At the boundary with North Kampar and Pelalawan Regency.
2. In the South with Jambi.
3. In the West is bordered by West Sumatra.
4. East boundary with Indragiri Hulu regency.

Regency Kuantan Singingi consists of 12 District, 10 villages and 199 villages, with the Taluk Kuantan as the capital district. Taluk Kuantan addition, other important cities are Lubuk Jambi, Muara Lembu, Benai, Baserah, Cerenti, Lubuk Ambacang, Kampung Baru, Kota Baru, and Inuman. Regency Kuantan Singingi tropical. Rainy season lasts from September to February, and the highest rainfall in December.

Dry season in March - August. Regency Kuantan Singingi consists of lowland and highland approximately approximately 400 m above sea level. Plateau in this region tend to be windy and hilly with the tendency of 5 - 300. Hilly plateau reached a height of 400-800 m above sea level and is part of the Bukit Barisan range. Total population is 221,676 inhabitants with a density 28 persons per km2. Most people were from the ethnic Malay dialect that is almost the same as the Minangkabau dialect - ethnics living in the area of West Sumatra. The main livelihoods in this area most (75%) is farming, while others work on the services sector, trade, and government officials.

To open the isolation and to develop the Southern District this, the fiscal year 2000, the road has been created for the Southern Cross, while the old road along the 166.5 km fixed. Currently, some districts in the District has been passed by many vehicles. Is the road that passed by 1998, 26 km. Taluk Kuantan Regency as its capital - is the Trans-West route that connects Java Sumatra with other cities in Sumatra, such as Padang, Bengkulu, Palembang, Lampung, Medan, and Aceh. Transportation river Kuantan who use the river is very helpful for domestic travel, especially to remote villages in the border river.

With the Riau Airlines (RAL) as companies that move under the auspices of the Government of Riau, for kedepannya will be opened Singingi flight to Kuantan, Kuantan is located in the East - in order to open access to regional transportation this District.

Of power that already exist at this time is Power Diesel Power (PLTD) with a total capacity of 4180 MW. In addition, there are Power Water Power (PLTA) that needs to be able to bring the power in this District - based in Bukit Bertabuh, village Lumbuk Ambacang, District of Kuantan Mudik. The last power will be made by using steam power in the region Cerenti, in 2004.

PT Pos has been to cover the entire area is in the Regency Kuantan Singingi. Residents can also communicate with the phone, while mobile phones can be served in the city Taluk Kuantan.

Clean Water
Water has been operating in Taluk Kuantan, Lubuk Jambi, Benai, Pangean, Basra and Cerenti. However, most residents still use water from wells and rivers Kuantan for household activities.

Other Supporting Facilities
At least there are 3 commercial bank serving the business and trade activities in the District, namely: Bank Negara Indonesia, Bank Rakyat Indonesia and Bank Pembangunan Daerah Riau.

To improve the quality of public health, the Regional Government of Kuantan Singingi continuously build infrastructure and facilities related to health. There are currently General Hospital, Center for Community Health (11), and Integrated Service Center (60).


Nature Tourism

• Water Level Seven Terjun Trunk Lubuk Koban in Jambi.
• Nature Tourism Cokiak in Bukit Lembu Estuary.
• Panorama Cokiak Hill.
• Lake Kari Kari Koto.
• Dam Benai in Teso.

Adventure Travel

• Tambang Emas in Logas.
• white Singingi River.
• Great white Indarung
• Protected Forest Hill and slouching in Bukit Baling Singingi.
• Cave Hill Bunian in Kanua.
• Hiking and Tracking in the Hill Batabuah.

Culture and heritage tourism History

• Old House Traditional Koto Rajo.
• Sangan Temple Complex.

Spur line

Spur line is the biggest festival to the people residing along the river Kuantan - once each year, to celebrate the Independence Day of Indonesia. Spur line is the race row 'canoe' - the kind of boat made of wood as long as 25-40 meters, which didayung by 50-60 people. Before the event started, the event held a dance and the song to entertain all participants and the community who are in the Taluk Kuantan.

Sampan Baganduang

Bicentennial celebration of culture and society by the Kuantan traditional boat parade decorated with various ornaments and color - the color of interest.


Randai password is the art of self-care with the dance that accompanied traditional music. Showtimes this usually lasts all night and told about the legend in the area.

Traditional ceremonies / Crafts art

There are a few crafts that can be placed in the hands of the fruit, such as carving, embroidery, suji, and other. In addition, there are also some traditional ceremonies, such as:

• wedding ceremony.
• purchase or Bulian ceremony.
• ritual offerings.
• Traditional Medicine.

Some Potential Regional

Agriculture, The Harvest, and Holtikultura.
Agricultural sectors still play an important role as a source of income for the community Singingi Kuantan. Land for rice plantation 10,237 ha in 2001, with production 41,312.16 tons. In addition, Regency Kuantan Singingi also produce various commodities such as citrus, rambutan, mango, duku, durian, jackfruit, papaya, banana, chili, eggplant, cucumber, cabbage, and tomatoes.

There are several important results in the Kuantan area Singingi, such as rubber, coconut, palm oil, cocoa, and various other plants.

Livestock Animals
Some livestock are kept, among others:
• Cattle: 17,368 head
• Buffalo: 17,132 head
• Chicken: 200,061 head
• Bebek: 27,442 head

Potential source in the forestry sector include:
• limited production forests: 316,700 ha.
• Forest conversion: 450.00 ha.
• Forest protected: 28,000 ha.
• Forest wildlife: 136,000 ha.

Regency Kuantan Singingi have a great potential in mining and energy sector, including the commodity to the limestone, suntan, coal, natural gas, river sand, gold, and kaolin.

Some industries that have economic potential, namely:
• palm oil industry.
• Industrial rubber plate.
• Industrial furniture.
• traditional food processing industry.
• Industry household.
Some of the Potential for Investment
1. Of power with a small capacity.
2. Development of plant fertility.
3. Processing water.
4. Development of transportation infrastructure.